The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD)

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The European Union (EU) has identified that buildings are responsible for 40% of its total energy consumption and 36% of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.  With older buildings typically using much more energy than newer buildings and consumption between different buildings varying greatly, the EU has introduced the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) to reduce energy consumption and CO2 emissions.

This directive first came into force in January 2003 and had to be implemented within member states by January 2006.  The aim was initially to reduce emissions and energy consumption by around 5%.  To achieve this, owners and builders are encouraged to make improvements to the energy efficiency of buildings.  The directive was inspired by the Kyoto Protocol which committed the EU to reduce CO2 emissions by 8% by 2010.

The EPBD has been further supplemented by the 2012 Energy Efficiency Directive.  These regulations focus more on renovating existing buildings and on governments improving the energy efficiency of the buildings they use.

Under the 2010 Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD):

  • energy performance certificates are to be included in all advertisements for the sale or rental of buildings
  • EU countries must establish inspection schemes for heating and air conditioning systems or put in place measures with equivalent effect
  • all new buildings must be nearly zero energy buildings by 31 December 2020 (public buildings by 31 December 2018)
  • EU countries must set minimum energy performance requirements for new buildings, for the major renovation of buildings and for the replacement or retrofit of building elements (heating and cooling systems, roofs, walls, etc.)
  • EU countries have to draw up lists of national financial measures to improve the energy efficiency of buildings

To read the full directive click here.

Under the 2012 Energy Efficiency Directive (EED):

  • EU countries make energy efficient renovations to at least 3% of buildings owned and occupied by central government
  • EU governments should only purchase buildings which are highly energy efficient
  • EU countries must draw-up long-term national building renovation strategies which can be included in their National Energy Efficiency Action Plans

To read the full directive click here.

Progress so far ……..

Concerted Action EPBD (CA EPBD) aims to address the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD). It aims to contribute to the reduction of energy use in European buildings, through the exchange of knowledge and best practices in the field of energy efficiency and energy savings between all 28 EU Member States plus Norway.

Visit the Concerted Action EPBD website to find out about the latest progress in the field across the EU:

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